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Beauty of the Mediterranean

Endangered whales and dolphins in the Mediterranean Rather unknown is the fact that the Mediterranean is an important habitat for whales and dolphins. There are seven species of whales and four dolphins living in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. There are constant populations of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) off the coast of Crete and fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) in the Ligurian Sea between Italy, France and Corsica. Dolphins like the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and the Streifelfelfin (Stenella coeruleoalba) spend almost all year in Greek waters. Bottlenose dolphin On boat trips you can sometimes observe the friendly marine mammals. More rare species are the minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), the common pilot whale (Globicephala melas), the round-headed dolphin (Grampus griseus), the cuvier beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris) and the porpoise (Phocoena phocoena). Killer whales (Orcinus orca) and other dolphin species follow the tuna swarms from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean in spring. The tuna fish swim into the Mediterranean every year to lay their eggs. Numerous dangers Loggerhead turtle Overfishing creates a lack of food for whales and dolphins. Blue and red tuna (Thunnus thynnus), which are cruelly and illegally hunted by Japanese fishing vessels around the world, are on the brink of extinction. In addition to the feedstuff, the methods of industrial fishing make the life of marine mammals more difficult. Whales and dolphins drown as "by-catch" in the nets of the fishing fleets or they get tangled up in old nets that have been cut off and drifting through the sea.The hook-fishing also threatens the sea turtles, such as the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta). In addition, marine mammals such as dolphins or the rare monk seal (Monachus monachus) are illegally killed by fishermen as they approach the traditional gillnets while hunting. The progressive pollution of the Mediterranean, for example, with waste water, mineral oils or plastic waste promotes diseases in marine animals or kills them directly. The increasing shipping traffic in the Mediterranean endangers whales and dolphins, especially in the narrow Strait of Gibraltar, and there are always collisions. A strong threat is also the sound experiments of NATO in the Mediterranean. Dolphins and whales are damaged so badly,